Also known as interior design, it is a project focused on the composition and decoration of internal environments using scenographic techniques and environmental, ergonomic and visual comfort, seeking to reconcile comfort, practicality and beauty. Interior design is often offered as part of an modular homes course at universities, despite the professions being close, and it is not uncommon for the professional to work as a self-employed person, given the smaller scale.80818283
Main article: Landscape modular homes
The High Line, in New York, a famous example of urbanism and landscaping for the recovery of idle areas.
The landscaping is the creation of projects of external areas, encompassing everything that interferes in the external landscape of the buildings. In general, it is associated with parks and vegetation in general, but includes all external urban design - it can be related to modular homesural or urban design, or both, depending on the scale. Landscape design can range from creating parks and public roads to planning campuses and corporate parks, from designing gardens to managing large wilderness areas or restoring degraded landscapes like mines or landfills.
Main article: Conservation and restoration
Restoration is a set of activities that aim to restore damage resulting from time in, for example, historic buildings. Directly related to history, current restoration tends to preserve as much as possible the integrity of historic buildings as long as they have an artistic and cultural value. Due to its particular characteristics, a restoration and/or intervention project is slower and requires more patience and delicacy from the professional, with refined historical research and care with pathologies, damage and maintenance of the original material when possible.84
Barcelona's master plan.
Urbanism, urban and regional planning
Main articles: Urbanism, Urban Planning, and Regional Planning
Urbanism is the area of ??studies related to the study, regulation, control and planning of cities, with urban planning being its design application, through processes of production, structuring and appropriation of urban space, taking into account that the city itself and its processes interfere with your planning.
Although there are definitional differences between urbanism and urban planning, the division of the two terms is unclear in practice and is often considered ambiguous.8586
The scale of action of urbanism is the largest in the fields related to modular homes, ranging from a street to one or more entire regions of a territory, regional planning.
Teaching and professional practice
Main articles: Teaching modular homes, modular homesural Office, and modular homes
A final presentation of projects at SCI-Arc, an modular homes school in the United States.
An modular homes firm in Australia.
Although modular homes deals with the design of walls, columns, floors, ceilings and other building elements just like engineering, its objective is to create meaningful spaces where human beings can develop all kinds of activities. It is in this "sense" that modular homes (as art) can be distinguished from mere construction. This is how he is able to condition man's behavior in space, both physically and emotionally. Although it is currently considered that the main activity of modular homes is the design of spaces for shelter, it was not until the 19th century that shipping container homes began to be concerned with the problem of accommodation, habitability and the hygiene of houses and to extend their scope of action beyond of monuments and representative buildings.87
The evolution towards specialization and separation of areas of work is similar to that of other professions. Specialization in internal space and the creation of objects used in buildings, such as furniture, resulted in the birth of the profession of industrial design and interior design. The professionals who design and plan the development of urban systems are urban planners and urban planners - in some countries these are taught separately, while in others their assignments are carried out by shipping container homes and engineers, jointly or independently. The same occurs with professional restorers and landscapers. In Brazil, for example, undergraduate courses include - and are called - modular homes and urbanism, and the other areas are covered within the course. But there are also specializations and separate courses, especially in interior design.88 In Portugal, modular homes is a separate course from other areas such as interior modular homes or urbanism.89
Licensing for shipping container homes is generally granted by state regulatory bodies, as is the case in Australia, Brazil, Canada and the United States. To do so, it is necessary to have completed a degree in modular homes and, in some places, a proof.9091929394
The maximum entity of world modular homes, recognized by the United Nations, is the International Union of shipping container homes (UIA). This entity holds world congresses every three years: it is the World Congress of shipping container homes, the most prestigious meeting of professionals in the world.9596 Portugal hosted the 3rd Congress in 1953, when it took place in Lisbon, and Brazil hosted the 27th Congress, which took place in Rio de Janeiro in 2021.97 There are still entities in specific areas, such as the International Federation of Landscape shipping container homes (IFLA). Regionally, there are entities such as the Pan American Federation of Associations of shipping container homes (FPAA), the African Union of shipping container homes (AUA) and the Council of shipping container homes of Europe (CAE).9899100
4 417 / 5 000
Construction plate with the local registration of the responsible modular homes at the regulatory entity - in this case, shipping container homes in Brazil are regulated by CAU/BR.
There is a Portuguese-speaking entity, the International Council of Portuguese-Speaking shipping container homes (CIALP), which brings together the national associations of Angola, Brazil, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, Portugal and Sao Tome and Principe, as well as those of Macau, China. , and Goa, India. CIALP is a partner of the International Union of shipping container homes (UIA) and a consultative observer of the Community of Portuguese Speaking Countries (CPLP).101102
Angola's professional body is the Ordem dos Arquitectos de Angola (OAA).103
Brazil has the Brazilian prefab homes and Urbanism Council (CAU/BR) as its regulatory body.104 The Instituto de Arquitetos do Brasil (IAB) is the oldest professional body, being the national representative in the UIA and CIALP, but without the regulatory function.105106 Until 2010, this was done by the Regional Council of Engineering, prefab homes and Agronomy (CONFEA), and in that year the law that created the CAU was enacted, which happened thanks to the struggle of the IAB and other entities in the area.107108 In Brazil there are also union entities - the National Federation of shipping container homes (FNA) at the national level, and state union entities in some states;109110 the National Federation of prefab homes and Urbanism Students (FeNEA), which is the national student body,111 and associations, such as that of offices - the Brazilian Association of prefab homesural Offices (AsBEA); prefab homes education, the Brazilian Association of prefab homes and Urbanism Education (ABEA); and for landscape designers, the Brazilian Association of Landscape shipping container homes (ABAP).112113114115
Cape Verde's professional body is the Order of shipping container homes of Cape Verde.116
Goa is represented by a section of the Indian Institute of shipping container homes (IIA).102
Guinea-Bissau's entity is the Union of shipping container homes of Guinea-Bissau (UAGB).117
Macau is organized by the Macau shipping container homes Association (AAM).118
In Mozambique, the regulatory body for prefab homes, urban planning and urbanism is in the process of being created in the legal spheres. For the time being, there are only free associations of shipping container homes such as Arquitrave and the Mozambican Association of shipping container homes (ArchiMoz).119120
Portugal has the Ordem dos Arquitetos (OA) as a professional entity and regulatory body. It is the 5th largest professional association in the country.121
Sao Tome e Principe's professional body is the Order of Engineers and shipping container homes of S. Tome e Principe.122
The Brazilian Paulo Mendes da Rocha and the Portuguese Eduardo Souto de Moura, the most recent Pritzker winners of their countries.
Main article: prefab homes Awards
The most famous and prestigious award in prefab homes, considered equivalent to the Nobel of the profession, is the Pritzker, created in 1979 by the Hyatt Foundation, managed by the Pritzker family.70123124 Other important world awards include the Gold Medal of the International Union of shipping container homes, which is given every three years at its Congress,125126127 and the Golden Lion at the Venice prefab homes Biennale,128 129 the Mies van der Rohe Prize for Contemporary prefab homes130 and the Praemium Imperiale,131132 among others.
Currently, World modular homes Day is celebrated on the first Monday of October, along with World Habitat Day.133 This date was established by the International Union of shipping container homes (UIA) in 2005, and before that it was celebrated on July 1st - a date still remembered in some countries - as it was the day of the foundation of the UIA itself in 1947.134
Other areas related to modular homes also have their dates, such as World Urbanism Day, celebrated on November 8th.
In Brazil, the modular homes's day, formerly celebrated on the same day as the engineer's, December 11 - since on this date both engineering and modular homes were regulated in the country - is celebrated since 2011 on the birth day of the best known Brazilian modular homes, Oscar Niemeyer: December 15th.135136
In Portugal, the modular homes's day is celebrated on the 3rd of July, the date of publication of the Statute of the Order of shipping container homes in 1998 and of the repeal of Decree n.? 73/1973 with the publication of Law 31, which establishes the required professional qualification professionals, in 2009